Maritime and Space Safety (online)
Polski Rejestr Statków S.A., Gdańsk
Risk minimisation in new technologies implementation as seen from classification society’s perspective
The presentation is prepared as a kind of introduction to problems with assessment of new technologies as seen from classification society’s perspective. The ship classification societies are special type business activity where expert knowledge and safety approach are main pillars of their existence. The basis for classification society’s activities are their rules with content dedicated mainly to such areas as the ship classification and certification as well as specific parts of the oil & gas industry, energy generation, rail & road transport or aviation. Classification society services concentrate particularly on a wide sphere of safety assurance. The rules are being developed based upon class society’s own experience and are often expanded by inclusion of internationally agreed requirements or dedicated standards, e.g. IMO adopted resolutions. In the case of new concepts or newly developed technologies, or when their implementation takes place in new environmental or operational conditions, or when the rules do not contain appropriate requirements, there are alternative methods used for the assessment of novel designs or new technologies developed for maritime application. Any object of survey is being treated taking into consideration risks that need to be analysed in order to define relevant risk mitigation measures. There are various methods of risk assessment used by class to enhance maritime safety. Some of them are based upon ISO or other internationally accepted standards. An example of an IMO adopted method is Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) – the method used in cases that need certain evaluation of risks related to ship construction or shipping activities. A number of other methods can be used (e.g. PHA, FMEA, HAZID, HAZOP), depending on the complexity of the problem or input information available. Two cases related to application of alternative fuels are presented. The meaning and importance of Technology Readiness Level (TRL) are also explained.
Key words: novel technologies, maritime safety, risk assessment, alternative fuels